Types Of Mushrooms In India |Scope Of Mushrooms | Buy Mushrooms Online

Types Of Mushrooms In India | Buy Mushrooms Online | Biobritte Mushroom Business

Types Of Mushrooms In India 

  1. Ganoderma Mushrooms :
  • Ganoderma mushroom is also known as Reishi mushroom and Lingzhi mushroom. 

  • Eastern medicine makes use of many different plants and fungi. Interestingly, the Ganoderma mushroom is particularly popular.

  • It has a variety of potential health benefits, the popular supplement is taken by healthy individuals to boost the immune system and by cancer patients along with conventional therapies.

  • Taking Ganoderma mushroom powder reduces tiredness in people with breast cancer.

  •  Noncancerous tumors in the colon and rectum (colorectal adenomas). Taking Ganoderma mushroom extract can reduce the number and size of these tumors. Clogged arteries.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

2. Shittake Mushrooms :

  • Shiitake mushrooms are brown-capped mushrooms used around the world for food and as supplements.

  • Shiitake mushrooms are low in calories. They also offer many vitamins, minerals, and other health-promoting compounds.

  • Shiitake has a long history of use, both as a food and in supplements.

  • Several compounds in shiitake help lower cholesterol and may reduce your risk of heart disease.

  • Eating shiitake mushrooms regularly may help boost your immune system.

Types Of Mushrooms In India
3.Split Gill Mushrooms :

  • Schizophyllum commune is a species of fungus in the genus Schizophyllum.

  •  The mushroom resembles undulating waves of tightly packed corals or loose Chinese fans. "Gillies" or "split gills" vary from creamy yellow to pale white in color. 

  • The cap is small, 1–4 cm wide with a dense yet spongey body texture. It is known as the split-gill mushroom because of the unique longitudinally divided nature of the "gills" on the underside of the cap. 

  • It is the only known fungus capable of retracting by movement. This mushroom is found throughout the world.

  • It is found in the wild on decaying trees after rainy seasons followed by dry spells where the mushrooms are naturally collected. It is known for its high medicinal value and aromatic taste profile. 

  • It has recently attracted the medicinal industry for its immunomodulatory, antifungal, antineoplastic, and antiviral activities that are higher than those of any other glucan complex carbohydrate.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

4. Oyster Mushrooms :

  • Pleurotus ostreatus, the oyster mushroom, oyster fungus, or heritage in Japanese, is a common edible mushroom.

  •  It was first cultivated in Germany as a subsistence measure during World War and is now grown commercially around the world for food. It is related to the similarly cultivated king oyster mushroom.

  • Oyster mushrooms can also be used industrially for mycoremediation purposes.

  • The oyster mushroom is one of the more commonly sought wild mushrooms, though it can also be cultivated on straw and other media. It has the bittersweet aroma of benzaldehyde (which is also characteristic of bitter almonds).

  • The pearl oyster mushroom is also used to create mycelium bricks, mycelium furniture, and leather-like products.

  • Oyster mushrooms were used to treat soil that had been polluted with diesel oil. The mushroom was able to convert 95% of the oil into non-toxic compounds. 

Following are the types of Oyster Mushrooms :

  • Pearl Oyster Mushrooms
  • Blue Oyster Mushrooms
  • Pink Oyster Mushrooms
  • Golden Oyster Mushrooms
  • Phoenix Oyster Mushrooms
  • King Oyster Mushrooms

Types Of Mushrooms In India

5. Cordyceps Mushrooms :

  • Cordyceps is a genus of parasitic fungi that grows on the larvae of insects.

  • When these fungi attack their host, they replace its tissue and sprout long, slender stems that grow outside the host’s body.

  • The remains of the insect and fungi have been hand-collected, dried, and used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for centuries to treat fatigue, sickness, kidney disease, and low sex drive.

  • Supplements and products containing Cordyceps extract have become increasingly popular due to their many purported health benefits.

  • Of the more than 400 species of Cordyceps discovered, two have become the focus of health research: Cordyceps Sinensis and Cordyceps militaris.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

6. Lions Mane Mushrooms :
  • Lion’s mane mushrooms, also known as hou tou gu or yamabushitake, are large, white, shaggy mushrooms that resemble a lion’s mane as they grow.

  • They have both culinary and medical uses in Asian countries like China, India, Japan, and Korea.

  • Lion’s mane mushrooms can be enjoyed raw, cooked, dried, or steeped as tea. Their extracts are often used in over-the-counter health supplements.

  • Many describe their flavor as “seafood-like,” often comparing it to crab or lobster.

  • Lion’s mane mushrooms contain bioactive substances that have beneficial effects on the body, especially the brain, heart, and gut.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

7. Enoki Mushrooms :

  • Vitamins and minerals found in enoki include niacin, calcium, iron, potassium, and riboflavin. In Asian medicine, enoki mushrooms have been used for centuries to treat high blood pressure, high cholesterol, liver disease, and stomach ailments.

  • Enoki Mushroom is one of the healthiest vegetables cultivated in many regions throughout the world with numerous health advantages.

  •  The scientific name of Enoki Mushroom is Flammulina veluptipes. It belongs to the Genus Flammulina, the family Cucurbitaceae.

  •  It is believed that Enoki Mushroom is native to China, Japan, and Korea, but now it is also cultivated widely all over the world for domestic and commercial purposes.

  • Enoki mushrooms are really a long and thin sort of mushroom with little tops toward one side.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

8. Chestnut Mushrooms

  • A chestnut mushroom is the same mushroom as a white button mushroom, but it is a strain that grows just a bit browner instead of white, giving it a tan-colored top. 

  • They are very much like cremini mushrooms and about the same size. They have better flavor and texture than the plain white mushrooms.

  • Chestnut mushrooms are also allowed to grow into larger sizes to be sold as “portobellos.” Sometimes portobellos are also called “flat chestnut mushrooms” for this reason. Chestnut mushrooms are a member of the Agaricus family of mushrooms.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

9. Juda Ear Mushrooms :

  • Auricularia auricula-judae, known most commonly as wood ear or black wood ear (alternatively, black fungus, jelly ear, tree ear, or by a number of other common names), is a species of edible Auriculariales fungus found worldwide

  • The fruiting body is distinguished by its noticeably ear-like shape and brown coloration; it grows upon wood, especially the elder.

  •  Its specific epithet is derived from the belief that Judas Iscariot hanged himself from an elder tree; the common name "Judas's ear" was largely eclipsed by the corruption "Jew's ear".

  •  Today, "wood ear", "jelly ear", "tree ear", and other names are sometimes used. The fungus can be found throughout the year in temperate regions worldwide, where it grows upon both dead and living wood

Types Of Mushrooms In India

10.Milky Mushroom :

  • This is the first indigenous mushroom to be commercialized in the country. Mushrooms white in color, gills and stalks white.

  •  Mushrooms large with long, thick fibrous stalk. It can be grown on pasteurized or sterilized wheat or paddy straw.

  •  Optimum temperature requirement for spawn running 30-35°C. Spawn running period 24-28 days. The casing is essential for fructification. Cropping requires an optimum temperature of 35-38°C, a humidity of 85-90%, diffused light, and ventilation. 

  • Mushrooms can be harvested in 2 flushes after which the entire cycle is repeated. Total cultivation cycle of 57-60 days.

  •  Biological efficiency potential 50-100%. Shelf life 2-3 days at 25-30°C and 10-15 days at 4°C. It can be marketed as fresh, dry, or as mushroom powder. Spent mushroom substrate (SMS) can be used as excellent organic manure or for vermicomposting.

  •  It is an excellent edible mushroom with high fiber.

Types Of Mushrooms In India

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