Flammulina Velutipes Mushroom Farming | Mushroom farming | Biobritte mushroom farming

Flammulina Velutipes Mushroom Farming | Mushroom farming | Biobritte mushroom farming

Flammulina Velutipes Mushroom Farming

The cultivation of Flammulina velutipes or better known as Enoki or the Winter Mushroom, has a long history, especially in Asia, of its medicinal properties and nutritional values.

Step 1: Culture media

The first category is the used culture media within these scientific papers.

The most used culture media were MEA and PDA, but I also find media like MFM, MMM, and PDYA.

Step 2: Substrate

The next step towards growing Flammulina velutipes is to find the right substrate mix.

Flammulina Velutipes Mushroom Farming

Step 3: Sterilization

After filling the cropping containers, the substrate is usually autoclaved at 121 °C (250 °F), 15 Psi for 1 hour[26] or if used less pressure at 95 °C (203 °F) for four hours.

Step 4: Inoculation

Pour the spawn in the hole (bottles) or on top of the substrate (bags).

Close the bottles with a lid (with filter) or seal the bag.

Step 5: Incubation

Some studies go even down to 18-20 °C (64 – 68°F). 

The temperature, though, should not reach more than 34 °C (93 °F) as the mycelium will die.

During this phase, no light is needed.

Step 6: Fruiting

After the cropping container is fully colonized, the surface is raked, and the temperature is dropped to 8 °C (46 °F).

During fruiting phase 1, the CO2 level is kept below 1,000-1,500 ppm. After the stem reaches 2 cm, some raising the CO2 level to 1,500-2,000 ppm while others keep it below 1,000 ppm.

The air exchange is therefore set to about 2-4 per hour.

The light during the primordia formation is raised to 20-50 lx. Some set the duration to 0.5 hours/day at approximately 300 lx.

Day to mature (DTM)

With this setup, the whole mushroom cycle takes according to Stamets between 22 and 31 days. 

While it takes about 14 to 18 days to fully colonize a bag, the pinhead formation needs roughly 3 to 5 days and the flushing 5 to 8 days.

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