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Fungi-Vocabulary | A fungus is a simple organism that's not an animal or a plant.

Casing is a layer of peat moss, with limestone added, which is spread over the substrate. The mushrooms grow through this casing.

Chlorophyll is the green colouring matter or parts of plants.


Compost is a mixture of organic matter (farm or garden) to produce soil in which to grow plants.

Dietary fibre is a form of carbohydrate, but it does not give our bodies energy. It is made up of plant materials. Fibre is found in vegetables, fruits, legumes, and grain products.

Flush is the growth of a crop of mushrooms that occurs in a short period of time. Usually there are three separate flushes in one crop.

Fungi are neither plants nor animals. They feed on organic matter.

Growing Room is the climatically controlled room where the mushrooms grow.

Harvesting is the picking or cutting of the mushrooms at the end of the growing period.

Mycelium are web-like fibres which attach to the substrate. These fibres carry the nutrients needed by the mushrooms to grow.

Pasteurization is the process of creating a clean substrate by heating the substrate to destroy any weed seeds, insect eggs or unwanted micro-organisms.

Photosynthesis is the process by which green plants use the energy from the sun to make substances from carbon dioxide and water.

Pinning is the growth of the mushroom up and through the casing layer. It is refered to as pinning because the tiny mushroom caps look similar to pin heads.

Spawn is sterilized grain inoculated with mushroom spores. This is the "seed" used to grow the mushrooms.

Spawn run is a period of time when the humidity, carbon dioxide, and temperature levels are controlled to grow the web-like mycelium.

Spent compost is the used substrate after the mushrooms have been harvested. It is recycled as a soil enhancer.

Substrate is the composted waste products used to provide the mushrooms with all the nutrients needed to grow.

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